Glaucoma FAQ: Frequently Asked Questions about glaucoma eye disease,symptoms, causes and treatment. What is Glaucoma?
Glaucoma is an eye disease in which raised internal eye pressure causes damage to the optic nerve.
This damage leads to reduced vision and peripheral/visual field loss and if left untreated can result in “tunnel vision”.
How is Glaucoma Detected?
An optometrist or ophthalmologist will perform an eye examination with tests to measure eye pressure and peripheral vision.
Eye pressure is measured with a tonometer instrument and peripheral vision is assessed with a visual field test.
What Patients are at More Risk of Developing Glaucoma?
Patients over 55 years of age.
Those of African Carribean descent.
Patients with family history of the disease.
Short sighted/ myopic patients.
All of these above categories of patient are at more risk of developing Glaucoma.
Can Glaucoma be Prevented?
Currently there is no known way to prevent glaucoma eye disease.
However a healthy lifestyle, low alcohol comsumption and refraining from smoking and fatty food intake may be beneficial.
What are the Symptoms of Glaucoma?
In most cases patients who develop glaucoma do not exhibit anysymptoms.
It is very important to have a regular annual eye examination carried out every year once over 40yrs.
And more frequently if you belong to one of the higher risk groups outlined above.
Are there different forms of Glaucoma?
Yes there are several:
primary open angle
acute closed angle
secondary and normal tension forms of glaucoma eye disease.
Is Glaucoma Curable?
Glaucoma is not curable, however early detection and medical treatment can prevent its progression and consequent vision loss.
Treatments normally consist of daily eye medication to reduce pressure and in some cases surgical intervention.
Laser Vision Correction and Glaucoma.
If you suffer with glaucoma in most cases laser vision correction is not an option.
For personal advice you must consult an ophthalmologist.