Fuchs dystrophy may be defined as a rare disorder that may affect the cornea of the eye.
The cause of this disorder is largely unknown and is considered to be genetically acquired.
In Fuchs, the endothelial cells that prevent excess fluid from accumulating in the cornea deteriorate and as a result fluid builds up on the cornea of the eye.
The clinical symptoms that may result from this dystrophy include swelling, cloudy vision, pain and loss of corneal transparency.
Fuchs dystrophy causes a variety of vision problems and can eventually lead to blindness.
Fuchs’ dystrophy is considered one type of corneal dystrophy.
The other symptoms that may be associated with the condition include blurred vision, painful vision on awakening, painful, tiny blisters, visual impairment, difficulty in seeing, blindness, sensitivity to light, hazy or cloudy in appearance of the cornea of eye.
The treatment is achieved using eyedrops or ointments that are used to reduce the amount of fluid in the cornea.
Fuchs Corneal Dystrophy is also known by another common name called the Fuchs endothelial dystrophy.
This disease condition generally progresses gradually and it has been found to affect both the eyes in most of the circumstances.
It has been found to be more common in females when compared to the males.
The early signs of this condition are often diagnosed in the age group of 30’s and 40’s.
The disease has been rarely found to affect vision till the time people finally reach the age of 50s and 60s.
The condition is generally described as a degenerative disorder and ultimate it may lead to corneal edema and loss of vision may be resulted.
In this condition, the descemet’s membrane of the cornea I highly thickened by the accumulation of the abnormal wide-spread collagen and also by the presence of numerous guttae.
The corneal cells generally reduce in number and they also appear attenuated.
This also results in progressive stromal edema.
There is a relative influx of the aqueous humor found to be associated and this generally leads to swelling and ultimately leading to distorted vision.
The epithelium also progressively turns edematous in nature.
Most of the times, the individuals suffering from Fuchs dystrophy will generally have blurred vision in the early morning hours and they generally tend to see more clearly as the day goes ahead.
The prime reason that may be attributed to this is that the cornea is normally thicker in the morning.
The condition can be treated through use of topical hypertonic saline solution and by use of the therapeutic soft contact lenses.