Common eye problems: a comprehensive guide to common eye and vision problems:
Discover the causes, symptoms and treatment of common eye conditions.
Eyes are the organs in human body that detect light and convert them to electromagnetic impulses forming imagine on our cornea and enabling us to see.
Although we tend to take them for granted, the temporary eye difficulties we face in everyday life make us more sensitive towards the vital function they play.
Fortunately, a large number of these problems are momentary and will heal on their own without any medication or treatment.
However, a doctor should be consulted for any problem that has complications or persists for longer than a few days.
Following are some of the most common eye problems:
Eye and Vision Problem Overview:
1. Eye Twitching (or Blepharospasm) – Despite being painless, eye twitching, a blinking disorder, can be very irritating and is a very common eye problem. Eye twitching is more often than not caused by stress, high caffeine levels, pink eye, fatigue, nervous system disorders, panic disorder, and/or staring at the television or computer for an extended period of time. Eye twitching may be experienced in both eyes, one of the eyes or under the eyes. Experts recommend resting and reducing causes of stress for treating mild eye twitching and medication, butox and surgery for severe eye twitching.
2. Itchy (and Watery) Eyes – Itchy and watery eyes are usually caused by allergies or two types of allergic conjunctivitis; a). seasonal allergic conjunctivitis that causes itchy and watery eyes because of exposure to allergens (such as grass, weed, pollen, and certain types of trees) in spring or autumn, b). perennial allergic conjunctivitis that causes itchy and watery eyes all year long because of exposure to household allergens (such as mold, dust, pet dander and pet hair). Experts recommend taking over the counter oral antihistamines or over the counter antihistamines and decongestants in them or getting similar medication prescribed by an eye specialist for this common eye problem.
3. Stye Eye Infection – An eye stye (also called hordeolum) is an infection because of blockage in the hair follicle of an eyelash that results in a small bump on the outside or inside the eye. Most of the time, an eye stye matures and heals in less than a week. Eye sties are caused by staphylococcal bacteria found in the nasal cavity that infects the glands causing it to swell and in some cases fill with pus. Experts recommend using a warm compress, gentle massage, antibiotics, ointments, eye drops and pills for treating this common eye problem if they are not healed within four to five days.
4. Dry Eyes – In dry eye syndrome (also referred to as keratoconjunctivitis sicca), a common eye problem, your eyes feel dry and scratchy because of the inability of your tear ducts to produce the right quality and/or quantity of tears. Since it is attributed to lack of moisture in the eye, it should be treated properly. In case it is not treated effectively, dry eye syndrome is known to weaken vision and cause various types of eye infections. It is caused by hormonal changes, various medicines, continued use of contact lenses, chemical burns in the eye and various environmental factors. The most effective treatment options for dry eye includes using eye drops or having silicon plugs inserted in the tear ducts to hold moisture in the eye by preventing tears from falling out. It is also critical to use the Best Contacts for Dry Eyes.
5. What are cataracts? – Cataracts are the most common eye problem and cause of blindness in people older than fifty five years of age. In this condition, the eye’s lens is clouded or blurred. The lens of human eye is contained in a lens capsule in which dead cells accumulate over time clouding it (partially or completely) disrupting the eyes ability to see clearly. Cataract is generally painless and is accompanied by the followingsymptoms; blurred vision, sensitivity to light, deteriorating night vision, double vision, rapid changes in eye sight prescription and blurred vision. In some cases, patients suffering from cataracts don’t need treatment as they remain small and negligible. In more severe cases, doctors recommend undergoing cataracts surgery that is the only effective way or restoring vision partially or completely.
6. Retina Detachment – Cameras are manufactured on the principle of the retina that captures light and turns them into electronic impulses that are communicated to the brain that converts them into images allowing us to process them. Retina lies on top of the choroid, the tissue that provides nourishment to it. Retinal detachment, a common eye problem, refers to a phenomenon in which it separates from the choroids. It is more common in patients suffering from myopia and is usually caused by trauma. Some of the treatment options for retina detachment are pneumatic retinopexy, cryotherapy and/or laser therapy.
More eye problems:
Black Eye Treatment Ever wonder why some steaks are called eye fillets?
Do Eyelashes Grow Back? have you ever lost eyelashes? Learn when – and how to – grow them back.
Eye Infection General overview of eye infections.
An eye stroke A stroke or blood vessel occlusion in the eye.
Glaucoma Fluid pressure build up inside the eye causing permanent damage.
Macular degeneration A very common ageing eye disease.
Pink Eye Causes and treatment of pink eye syndrome.